Stone Age Diet – Low starch

Summer Wheat

How Humans Got Where We Are

 

Humans evolved in the lean times of the Ice Ages. We had to be adapted to the leanest of diets and starvation was the most common form of death.  Life expectancy was less than 25 years throughout this period.

 

Our ancestors were never exposed to sugar or starch.  Life in the Ice Ages was difficult and food sources were scattered and required constant aerobic efforts to find enough to stay alive.  There was no processed wheat, no puffed white rice, and no potatoes.

 

Grain as we know it was unknown.  Seeds of various grasses were edible, but were high in bran and had minimal starch content.  Humans consumed up to 150 grams of fiber per day in an effort to get enough calories to stay alive.  Farming of grain did not begin (in Mesopotamia) until approximately 8,000 years ago.  Even then, these early farmers were growing patches of grass that produced “grass seed” and not puffed wheat.

 

Many patients, physicians, dieticians, grain farmers, the American Diabetic Association, and the authors of the Pyramid Diet, have all suggested that, “we need a daily quantity of breads, grains and starches.”

 

This is the basis of the problem.  We do not need starch!  Our ancestors lived their entire lives without tasting one mouthful of starch.  Breakfast was found under a rock or in a stream.  Insects and small animals made up much of the diet.

 

Near-History Timeline

 

If we look at the times that shaped our metabolism, it easy to understand why we have the health problems today in “modern times.”  The “metabolic disease” of modern society, and all the secondary effects from it, are caused by strong cravings for glucose and salt that evolved during times of famine and deficiency.

 

The Human metabolism was fine-tuned to get every calorie out of whatever was available.  Much of the time Humans had to fast for days, then eat as much as possible of whatever was found.  Eating a substantial meal only happened occasionally.  And there was never any starch.

 

3 million Years Ago – Survival Mode

 

Homo ergaster – Animal bones from around this time have been found with cut marks made by stone tools, a clear indication that early hominids cut up animal carcasses to eat the meat.  Firm evidence for the domestication of fire is rarely before 400,000 years ago, so early hominids such as Homo ergaster probably ate their meat raw.

 

Homo erectus was unique among primates because of the high proportion of meat in his diet relative to plant foods.  These individuals were omnivorous and used their superior brainpower to outwit other species to get meat whenever possible.  However, hunger drove our ancestors to eat just about everything that they could find or run down and kill. The result was that Humans existed by living primarily on roots, berries, nuts, insects, termites, reptiles and bone marrow of the kill of other predators.  Like other primates, the Human animal was omnivorous, a scavenger, who competed with hyenas and other scavengers.  The finding enough food was only half of the problem.  The other half of survival, was in eluding carnivores, such as leopards, cave bears and saber-tooth tigers and horrible cold of the ice ages.

 

The Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) is a well-defined cultural epoch coinciding with the geological Pleistocene period.  It spans the era of glacial periods lasting about 500,000 years until 8,500 BCE.  It is divided into several sub-periods with less well-defined boundaries.

 

Early Paleolithic (until 500,000~75,000 ago)

 

400,000 to 360,000 years ago

 

Homo erectus hominid of the Middle Pleistocene period (Peking man) probably used fire to cook venison, supplementing his diet of berries, roots, nuts, acorns, legumes, and grains.  Humans were always in need of more calories and roamed long distances to find food sources.

 

75,000 years ago A new ice age in Europe creates a drought in Africa that leads a small group of early Humans to begin migrating north and eastward along the shores Africa to Arabia, then to Europe and Asia.

 

Humans required a diet with a higher caloric intake per kg than other animals.  Much of this was required to meet the demands of their larger brains.  Humans could not digest the long-chain plant carbohydrates, like cellulose, lignins, and tannins. To obtain the energy captured in plentiful grasses, the Humans had to hunt herds of migrating herbivores.

 

Humans required a high protein diet to run their new bigger brains.  This demanded that the Human become a carnivore.  Humans are unable to make the amino acids L-phenylalanine, L-tyrosine, and L-arginine.  These amino acids are required in large amounts.  They are absolutely required to run a big brain.  This forces Humans to hunt for meat as the highest priority to be successful.  Meat also supplies many other proteins and nutrients required for a big brain.  Finally, there is  an extremely important but unrecognized benefit of meat in that it also supplies a huge amount of anti-oxidant capacity.

 

But the scarcity of food in the environment demanded that the Human must remain an omnivore.  Like the other primates in the hominid line, Humans are unable to synthesis vitamin C.  Humans required continual sources of fruit and vegetables to maintain high vitamin C antioxidant levels.  “Once an omnivore, always an omnivore.”

 

Middle Paleolithic

 

(until 75,000~40,000 years ago)

 

38,000 yrs ago  Extreme drought throughout Africa forced our ancestors to the shoreline where they learned to swim and find food from the sea. Only the clever and resourceful survived.  Humans may have reached a low level of only 1000 individuals at one point based on mitochondrial DNA evidence.  Homo sapiens evolved.

 

There after, Human populations expanded and moved out of Africa. They followed the shoreline whenever possible.  They ventured across the South Sea Islands to Australia while sea levels were low as water was trapped in the enlarging ice cap.  They moved into the interior of Asia by chasing herding animals as they migrated north in the spring.  The migration was an epic journey that took them and their descendants as far as Siberia.  Early trade routes were established that followed the migration.

 

Although Homo sapiens was physically less powerful, he had a more prominent chin, a much larger brain volume and superior intelligence.  He had control of fire, and had developed new, lightweight bone and horn tools, weapons, and fishhooks.

 

Homo sapiens had superior intelligence that allowed them to find and obtain food more easily and to preserve it longer.  Hunters provided early tribes with meat from bison and deer, while other tribes fished and collected honey, fruits, and nuts (as shown by cave paintings near Aurignac in southern France).

 

25,000 years ago Marine resources

 

Fishermen in Europe’s Dordogne Valley developed short baited toggles that become wedged at an angle in fishes’ jaws when the line, made of plant fibers, was pulled taut.  Homo sapiens used small pits lined with hot embers or pebbles preheated in fires to cook food and sometimes covered with layers of leaves or wrapped in seaweed to prevent scorching.

 

14,000 years ago – Domestication of Animals

 

Inhabitants of the Near East used dogs as sentinels and for tracking game based on fossil remains found in a cave near Kirkuk in Iraq in the 1950s A.D.  The dog was domesticated from the Asian wolf, before 16,000 yrs ago.  Some research however, suggests that domestication began 100,000 years ago.  (Wolf bones have been found in Human settlements dating to back to 400,000 B.C.)  Other tribes followed herds of gazelle, antelope and oryx.

 

Gathering Grain

 

14,000 yrs ago Halfan tribes people on Egypt’s lower Nile, used grinding stones to produce a kind of flour from the seeds of wild cereal grasses.  Limestone upper and lower grinding stones were used in Nubia on the upper Nile, where flint-bladed reaping knives were employed to harvest wild cereals that had begun to flourish after the end of the Ice Ages brought on by a warmer and wetter climate.

 

About the same time, humans on the islands now known as Japan began, to make clay cooking pots and storage containers.  These people lived by hunting, fishing, and gathering shellfish, some of which were dried, smoked, and stored along with nuts.

 

13,000 yrs ago Vast fields of wild grasses and early wild grain species appeared in parts of the Near East as the glaciers retreated.  Human hunter-gatherer tribes ate animal protein and some fish, but live chiefly on roots, seeds, fruits, tender leaves, and shoots that were found on land that had recently been burned over or flooded and was growing back.  Fire was sometimes used to clear land for this primitive form of food production.

 

12,000 yrs ago Climatic changes in Europe produced growths of birch, hazel, and oak forests on land that had been bare steppes a few hundred years earlier.  Mammoths had disappeared.  The reindeer moved north and wild cattle, red deer, and wild pigs began to populate the continent. Goats were domesticated by Near East hunter-gatherer tribes, with the aid of dogs that had been domesticated earlier for hunting and protection.

 

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New Vibrant Growth and Repair

VitalityPro offers several different treatment programs that together, give back the ability to grow and recover.  Stress pushes the damage of aging but stress also depresses the growth and repair mechanisms.
The Morning Dew

We all know that we lose the power to recover and heal, as we age.  this is because of the loss of the natural anabolic ability of youth.

Several Factors are responsible.

•  Loss of Thyroid effect,

Free thyroid 3 hormone sets the metabolism rate for all cells in the body Free T3 levels are low in proportion to the degree of stress.  we strive to keep levels in the High part of the Normal range.  stress lowers free T3 in many different ways.  This is designed by evolution to help survive famine.

•  Decreasing levels of the Natural Anabolic hormones because of age and Stress.

•  These are:    Testosterone, DHEA, Androstenediol, Androstenedione, and the Pheromones.

•  Decreased or absent Human growth Hormone, IGF-1 and growth factors.

•  Loss of stem cells in the last years of life. dormant stem cells in younger years.

•  Loss of REM sleep, Low Melotonin,

The Many factors all work to decrease the ability to heal and to neutralize free radicals.

 

 

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Feeling good about your self is pure Dopamine.  Norepinephrine is the Push to the aging process and High levels creat all the diseases of aging, including arthritis, fatigue and loss of stamina and vitality.    Relaxing and relieving stress, reduces the the evil effects of Norepinephrine dramatically.  The chemistry of stress “burns” or “oxidizes” our tissues.  releiving and neutralizing stress is a big part of “Anti-Aging”Birds of Beauty

Besides blocking the aging process and free radical damage, we want to activate the chemistry of growth and repair.  this is the vitality Medicine.  regaining the ability to grow and repair with New tissue is at the center of principles of Real anti-aging.  we call this ‘Vitality Medicine”

Relieving Stress Is good for You!   All the ways we relieve stress will slow aging while your norepinephrine is drained down by massage, pampering and looking and feeling Gorgous.

There is an obvious connection with rejuvination of healthy tissue and looking and feeling great.  It is contagious to feel great!   Feeling confident also helps all the anti-aging treatments that we promote.

Motivated patients have the best results and have the power of Dopamine as they take control of the aging that had seemed so inevitable before.   we want patients that want to be the best that they canbe.

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